If you have been referred for a semen analysis this will involve producing a semen sample (usually by masturbation) at the specialist clinic (hospital andrology department). The semen sample is then observed down the microscope in order to asses the quality of the sperm.
A general observation is made about the seminal fluid and then several observations are made on the sperm themselves. It is normal to look at the motility (how the sperm move around in a sample), the concentration (the sperm count), normal forms (the number of 'normal' sperm), and tests are done for the presence of any antibodies to the sperm which some men may have (this can affect the way that the sperm swim towards an egg). All of this information will be sent to your infertility doctor for discussion with you and your partner. We also use this information if you require fertility treatment and a decision can made about what type of treatment is suitable for you