In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is a treatment used for couples with mild sperm defect, or tubal infertility.
IVF is the medical term for the ‘test tube baby' technique. The principle of IVF treatment is for us to stimulate your ovaries with hormone medication. This encourages the development of several eggs (usually between 6 to 10) rather than the one or two eggs that you would normally produce at a time. This process takes about two weeks.
The eggs are removed from your ovaries by passing a needle into the follicle in the ovary to find the eggs. This is a simple procedure performed under mild sedation and local anaesthetic. Once the eggs have been collected they are placed with the sperm in a plastic dish and incubated overnight. The following morning the embryologist checks for fertilisation. The fertilised eggs are now called embryos and are allowed to develop for another one to four days. One or two good quality embryos are selected for transfer (on day 2, 3 or 5 after fertilisation). These embryos are then placed into the uterus using a very soft plastic tube called an embryo transfer catheter. This is a simple procedure that does not require an anaesthetic.
Single Embryo/Blastocyst transfer:
Couples who are below 37 years of age and are on their first (and possibly subsequent cycles), generally have a higher chance of a pregnancy but are at a higher risk of a multiple pregnancy (twins or more).
If you fall into this patient group then we will recommend that you have a single embryo transferred. This will be performed at the blastocyst stage (day 5 after egg collection) if possible, but can also be done after 2 or 3 days. Transferring embryos at day 5 gives us more information about them and allows us better selection of the best embryo. Any other good quality embryos can be frozen at this stage.
Blastocyst transfer is not suitable for every patient although all of our patients are encouraged to have blastocyst transfer in possible - please ask your embryologist for advice.
We do not charge extra for this service.
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